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Ease of Doing Business

JNPT is the number one container Port in India and among the top 35 major container Ports globally. The Port is constantly evolving to simplify and streamline processes with fully automated and integrated container services along with seamless connectivity, ensuring total transparency and Ease of Doing Business.


India’s Largest Container Terminal handled

5.03 Million TEUs

Handles more than


of the overall containerized traffic across all Major Ports in India


Operating 4

Terminals being operated by global players and 1 Liquid Terminal by IOC/BPCL Consortium

Connected with

34 CFSs & 50 ICDs

Aims to enhance overall Port capacity to

10 Million TEUs

by 2022-23

Client Testimonials


Cost-Effective and Speedier Movement of Consignments

JNPT has achieved the distinction as 'India's most economical Port' due to its constant endeavour to ensure minimal turnaround time, so that our customers derive maximum benefits with our best efforts.

Ease of Doing Business

Aligning with the direction of the ministry, the Port has initiated activities under Ease of doing Business and significant results were achieved in reducing cost and time for EXIM trade. JNPT had made a three pronged approach.

  1. Improvement of infrastructure.
  2. Simplification of processes.
  3. Digitization of activities.

(i) Improvement of Infrastructure

Under improvement of infrastructure, JNPT created parking yards for undocumented export containers, facilitated infrastructure for Customs for clearance in the Parking Yards, commenced the Centralized Parking Plaza, commenced widening of roads and other infrastructure projects

1. Creation of Customs Processing Zones

JNPT created parking yards for undocumented export containers for all terminals of JNPT. These parking yards were converted to processing areas as a facility for Customs clearance and port documentation. The parking yard operation ensures that only containers that have received approval from Customs and are fully documented proceed to the terminal gate. This has brought in the discipline at the port roads and contributed significantly in removing congestion.

2. Development of Integrated Centralized Parking Zone for Parking of Tractor Trailers:

JNPT has developed Centralized Parking Plaza with an objective to provide parking facility for trucks carrying export containers and enable completing pre-gate entry formalities and documentation for export etc. under one window system. The parking area is developed in an area of 45 Ha for parking of 1,538 Trailers and have all the facilities like Custom documentation system, banking, cafeteria and many other facilities to give comfort to the drivers.

The Centralised Parking Plaza is made operational w.e.f. 26.10.2020. The work of all the three Parking Plazas viz. JNPCT, NSICT,/NSIGT & GTI has been shifted to Centralised Parking Plaza to provide a single point Documentation processing Area for export of all Direct port Entry self-sealed containers from Nhava Sheva, Mumbai Customs-II. This has reduced congestion of parked container trucks on JNPT roads and helped the respective Terminals to plan their TT movements in a better way.

3. Widening of Port Highways

To cater to the future traffic, JN Port, through NHAI, has awarded the work of widening of 43.9 Kms. length of NH 4B, SH 54 and Amra Marg Linkages to 6 / 8 lanes along with two lanes service roads by SPV formed by JNPT, NHAI and CIDCO. The work on the project which is being executed on EPC mode in 4 civil packages is expected for completion in Dec. 2020.

4. Development of 4th Container Terminal –2nd Phase:

In order to increase container handling facility at JNPT, the Port had awarded the project of developing 4th container terminals to M/s Bharat Mumbai Container Terminals Pvt. Ltd. (PSA) on DBFOT basis through a Concession Agreement on 6th May 2014. The project comprises of two phases – each phase comprises 1 Km of quay line, 16.5 mtrs depth at berth, 12 quay cranes, 46 RTG Yard cranes and 4 RMGC cranes for its rail yard generating capacity of 2.4 Million TEU (total 4.8 MTEU).

As per schedule, the work of Phase I was completed on 22nd December 2017 and put into operation with a capacity of 30 MTPA. Phase II of 30 MTPA capacity is expected to be completed by December 2022.

5. Deepening and Widening of main Harbour Channel.

JNPT completed dredging for deepening and widening of the Main Harbour Channel at JNPT from 14 meters to 15 meters for a total channel length of 35 kms in February-2019 at a cost of INR 2,029.17 Crore (US$ 285.78 million). Now, JNPT is in a position to handle the container vessels of 12,500 TEUs capacity, which was capped at 8,000 TEUs earlier. This is a significant 50% increase in the capacity of vessels that can berth at JNPT. The higher draft will lead to higher Parcel Sizes to be handled at the port and as per commercial trends will lead to reducing shipping and handling cost. This will facilitate more scale economies to the trade while exporting or importing through the JNPT.

6. Allotment Lab. and office space to PGAs

In order to bring all regulators near the port area, the Port has allotted the office space to FSSAI, Animal Quarantine, Plant quarantine, Textile Commission and Drug Controller. Port has also allotted the land to FSSAI and Animal Quarantine, Plant quarantine and Drug controller for setting up of laboratories. Textile Committee has shifted its office and laboratory to Port Users Building, JNPT. Since other PGAs also have not taken the possession of land allotted to them, JNPT has explored alternative suitable arrangement as per their requirements within the port area. Subsequently, Port has allotted 11,800 square feet of office space at Trainee’ Hostel, JNPT Township to FSSAI and 4000 square feet office space at PUB, JNPT to Drug controller for development of the lab. Similarly port also allotted 400 sq. feet space each for Animal Quarantine and Wild Life Bureau at PUB on 26.02.2020.

7. Commissioning of 15 e-RTGCs at JNP Container Terminal: Commissioned 15 New e-RTGCs

to improve export efficiency and faster loading operation. This has reduced diesel consumption and air pollution. Due to the commissioning of e-RTGCs in JNPCT, there is a cost savings of Rs. 86 Lakh/month.

8. Commissioning of 14 RTGCs at APM Terminals.

Gateway Terminals India (GTI) at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) has replaced 14 new Rubber Tyre Gantry Cranes (RTGCs) that has increased the productivity of stacking containers and hence improved the overall efficiency of container management at the terminal. The new RTGCs can lift up to a 50 tons load under a twin-lift spreader, compared with 40 tons under single lift spreaders, which were operating earlier. The new RTGCs have reduced the vessel waiting time and the overall time to handle the shipment at the port.

9. Commissioning of 4 New RMQCs and 8 RTGCs at NSICT:

NSICT brought 4 New Post Panamax RMQCs and 8 RTGCs with 5 high stacking capacity as replacement of their 20 years old cranes. These cranes are expected to be committed by August-2020. These cranes are with twin lift spreader in comparison with single lift spreader of old cranes which will enhance crane productivity once they are commissioned.

10. Installation of Scanners:

JNPT is increasing the Security Profile by installing 3 Mobile Scanners at JNPCT, DP World and APMT. Faster scanning will reduce port’s import dwell time due to independent scanners for import containers. Site Acceptance Test (SAT) for 3 mobile scanners has been carried out. Scanners are expected to be operational in January-2021. Port is also installing one Drive through Container scanner for BMCTPL for which work order was placed on 11.10.2019 with 15 months delivery period. Civil work for the said scanner has been started. The designed throughput of this Drive through Container Scanner is 100 containers per hour. This scanner will be commissioned by June, 2021.

JNPT allotted land for Drive through Scanner by Customs near PUB on the main route. The Drive through Scanner was commissioned in Dec.2018 by Jawahar Customs. It has reduced the time for scanning of import containers to about one minute per truck. Customs is also installing one mobile scanner for BMCTPL. Port has allotted land for this Projects free from any encumbrance. Trade will be benefitted with these Projects coming up as scanning process will be faster and will save both time and cost for all the stakeholders.

Installation of one Drive Through (Rail) Container Scanner:

As per the directives issued in the meeting held under the Chairmanship of Revenue Secretary on 12.03.2019, the responsibility of Procurement / Installation of Rail Scanner has been taken up by Directorate of Logistics, CBIC. Port has allotted land at village Ranjanpada near Jasai rail marshalling yard for this project.

11. Development of Coastal berth:

In order to give momentum to coastal shipping, JNPT has taken up the project of ‘Coastal Berth’. The work comprises of construction of 250 m long Coastal Berth with 2 trestles 94m long each with backup area reclamation of 11 hectares. Dredging to achieve the dredged depth of 11 m at Berth pocket backside of the berth is also proposed for handling port crafts with a dredged depth of 6m below CD. Capacity for handling liquid cargo of 1.5 MTPA and General Coastal cargo of 1 MTPA. It will reduce the delays caused due to Port related paperwork and customs formalities thus save time and enhance overall Trade. The project is expected for completion in April, 2021.

12. Development of Integrated Common Rail Yard Facility at JNPT:

At present JNPT is capable of handling DFC rakes at the new forth container terminal i.e BMCTPL ICD yard of BMCTPL is capable to handle 4 rakes DFC rakes simultaneously. JNPT is developing an integrated common rail yard facility inside the port to handle DFC rakes destined for other terminals namely JNPCT.NSICT, GTICT &NSIGT. In the new Common Rail Yard, two new lines for handling double stack and long haul DFC rakes (length 1.5 Kms) will be commissioned. The work is expected for completion by the end of 2020.

13. Construction of Flyover Bridges near Y Junction and at North Gate Complex:

Constructed and commissioned flyover bridges at Y-junction and North Gate Complex in March and June respectively. Y-Junction Bridge has facilitated smooth flow of APMT’s outgoing traffic whereas North Gate Bridge has ensured smooth outgoing traffic of JNPCT, NSICT and NSIGT.

(ii) Simplification of processes.

Under simplification of the process, the Port commenced the inter-terminal movements and dispensed with seal checking by CISF at the Gate. The Port also focused to increase the DPD deliveries and Direct Port Entry (DPE).

1. Inter Terminal transfer of Tractor Trailers

Inter-terminal transfers of Tractor Trailers i.e lateral entry of TTs within the terminals commenced from March 2015 for making optimum use of TTs. This facility is used by 500 - 700 TTs every day. This initiative has reduced the load off from the road, further, it has led to saving of logistic cost to trade during the 3 year period from commencement besides removing congestion. Till the end of September- 2020, 930,481 trucks availed this facility by making 1,170,732 transactions.

2. Direct Port Delivery (DPD):

The Direct Port Delivery (DPD) was implemented at JNPT with the objective to expedites the delivery of import containers and reduce the cost of the transaction. The DPD facilitates the delivery of a container directly from the terminal without the conventional steps of transferring to a Container Freight Stations (CFS) where the Customs procedures are performed and the container is given ‘Out of charge’. This not only saves a cost of Rs. 8,000 to Rs. 20,000 per container for transportation and handling at CFSs but also the time in delivery of the consignment.

JNPT in association with Jawahar Customs took the following steps to promote the DPD scheme amongst the importers,

i) Removed threshold of minimum volume criteria of 300 TEUs. Importers with smaller volume can avail DPD.

iii) Stopped the practice of high deposits demanded earlier by the PPP terminals.

iii) Simplified the registration process. Registration at terminals now given based on only Customs permission.

iv) DPD cell created in all terminals.

v) JNPT started allotting a Common Uniform Code for DPD client to simplify the process from September 2018.

vi) Facility for On-Wheel drawl of samples was created for DPD containers in the terminals leading to evacuation directly from terminals even for cargo requiring PGA NOC from June 2018.

vii) Further, in order to bring transparency, Jawahar Customs has vided public notice 11/2020 has allowed importers who are availing DPD facility to pay Terminal handling Charges directly to Terminals operators instead of paying through Shipping lines. Terminals operators started the facility of the direct payment of Terminal Handling charges by importers w.e.f. 24.02.2020.

viii) JNPCT removed DPD handling charges w.e.f. 24.02.2020

ix) All terminals removed DPD ICD handling charges w.e.f. 02.03.2020

The facility of DPD is well received by trade and the percentage of containers cleared under DPD have grown from a mere 3% earlier to around 60% as on September-2020.

3. Direct Port Entry (DPE):

The Direct Port Entry (DPE) is the facility created for exporters to bring in the export containers directly to port instead of routing it through CFS. Every factory stuff container was earlier required to proceed to CFS to get customs approval and then proceed to terminal gates. Conversion of Parking Yards/CPP as Customs Processing Area and facilitation of Customs operation led to a higher percentage of DPE. The exporters are currently benefitted by savings in the cost of Rs.2,000/- and in time of 1 day while resorting to DPE.


After commencement of new terminal of PSA (BMCT), operational issues arose in the handling of mixed trains i.e trains carrying containers more than one terminal as the BMCT is 5.5 kms away from the existing Port Terminals. In order to solve these issues, JN Port made a determined effort for putting in place a new ITRHO agreement by drafting and framing operational procedures and cost calculations acceptable to all the terminals including BMCT & NSIGT. The ITRHO agreement was signed on 29th July 2019 which came into effect from 1st August 2019. With this new agreement between the terminals, the movement of rail containers between the terminals is streamlined.

As a result of the signing of the new ITRHO agreement, following benefits obtained:

i. The losses to the trade due to non-connection of export containers from BMCT and vice versa has been totally eliminated.

ii. This agreement has improved the competitiveness of JNPT terminals and increased both rail utilization and overall volumes.

iii. The handling of ICD volume of EXIM containers on BMCT rail handling facility has increased by 103% since the commencement of the new ITRHO agreement. This has also resulted in an increase of the average monthly placements of trains from 31 to 60 in BMCT Terminal.

iv. The average monthly dwell time has reduced after the commencement of the new ITRHO agreement. The average monthly dwell time has reduced by 46.32 % from 116.09 Hrs (Apr.18 to Mar.19) to 62.32 hrs (Apr.-19 to Mar.-20).

v. JN Port handled record 548 rakes in the month of October-2020. The average rail coefficient during the first 6 months of FY 2020-21 was 21.72% as compared to the average rail coefficient of 15.51% in FY 2019-20.

5. E-Marketplace Transport solution for JNPT:

JNPT has issued permits to operate Transport Solution for optimum utilization of tractor-trailer movements and infrastructure, to M/s. Zinka Logistics (Blackbuck). This will eliminate inefficiencies by, reducing empty trailer movements between Port and CFSs, reducing empty container movements in the hinterland and reducing the truck idling time for the Fleet Owners & ensuring trucks availability to Trade.

(iii) Digitization of activities

Under digitization, the Form-13 and Form-11 have been made online. The RFID system was introduced for Gate access. Shipping Lines were facilitated PCS platform for the issuance of E-DO.

1. Introduction of E-form 13/Form 11

Form 13 and Form 11 are the documents by which entry of containers in the terminals are regulated. E-form 13/Form 11 have been introduced to reduce gate transaction time and to avoid manual data feeding by customers.

2. RFID Based Terminal Gate transaction:

Introduction of RFID based Gate Automation System has ensured that the Gate transaction time is reduced from 10 minutes in April 2016 to 1 minute in March 2017. The RFID provides high-security profile.

3. Container tracking introduced for the first time in India

JNPT in association with DMIDC has commenced the tracking of containers moving towards and cleared from the terminals of JNPT. Transit integrity is now ensured by tracking of containers. The importers/exporters is now able to keep track of the container while in transit. The Project commenced on 11/7/2016. The system provides a Data Bank on Destination-Source matrix for containers in transit in India.

4. E Delivery Orders

In a major initiative to bring in ease of delivery of import containers, PCS driven e-DO module developed by IPA was introduced on 16/09/2016 and all major shipping lines are using the e -Do. The E-do facilitates quick and easier delivery and tends to reduce cost and time in the import supply chain. Presently e-DO is transmitted through upgraded PCS i.e. PCS 1x.

5. Up-gradation of PCS System:

PCS 1x (an upgraded version of PCS) has been launched on 11th December 2018 which enables all stakeholders to exchange data/ transactions on the PCS 1x platform on a real-time basis. It offers a database that acts as a single data point to all transactions. This upgraded single window platform intends to integrate 27 maritime stakeholders at a common platform, including ICEGATE, DGFT and ToS as well. Currently, 26 stakeholders are on-board in PCS 1x System.

PCS 1x has provided one communication platform for all maritime stakeholders which has reduced the time and overall cost for documentary and border compliance for imports and exports by eliminating unnecessary duplication of activities on different portals.

6. Up-gradation of Navis System with Navis N4 Terminal Operating System:

JNPCT upgraded Terminal Operating System to Navis SPARCS N4, which is the next generation Terminal Operating System (TOS), specifically designed to offer unparalleled value and grow with the customer at the lowest possible total cost of ownership (TCO). Navis N4 System went on live on 01.04.2019.